Dataset: SAFE – Survey on Access to Finance of Enterprises

Data Structure Definition: Survey on the Access to Finance of Small and Medium Enterprises

[ECB_SAFE agency: ECB] Download SDMX 2.1 Data Structure Definition of the SAFE Dataflow

Click on the name of the codelist to see the full list of available codes.

Cube dimensions and attributes
  Concept description Concept Codelist Usage on SDW portal
1. dimension Frequency FREQ CL_FREQ Frequency dimension: used in Dimension Filters on Data Selection, Data Table and Quick View pages.
2. dimension Reference area REF_AREA CL_AREA_EE Country codes: used in Georgraphic Area filters on Data Selection pages.
3. dimension Firm size (SAFE) FIRM_SIZE CL_FIRM_SIZE
4. dimension Firm economic activity (SAFE) FIRM_SECTOR CL_FIRM_SECTOR
5. dimension Firm turnover (SAFE) FIRM_TURNOVER CL_FIRM_TURNOVER
6. dimension Firm age (SAFE) FIRM_AGE CL_FIRM_AGE
7. dimension Firm other breakdowns (ownership, export) (SAFE) FIRM_OWNERSHIP CL_FIRM_BREAKDOWN
8. dimension SAFE question SAFE_QUESTION CL_SAFE_QUESTION
9. dimension SAFE question related item SAFE_ITEM CL_SAFE_ITEM
10. dimension SAFE answer SAFE_ANSWER CL_SAFE_ANSWER
11. dimension SAFE filter - applicable answer SAFE_FILTER CL_SAFE_FILTER
12. dimension Denomination in SAFE context SAFE_DENOM CL_SAFE_DENOM
Observation-level attribute Observation value OBS_VALUE
Observation-level attribute Observation status OBS_STATUS CL_OBS_STATUS Observation status: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Observation-level attribute Observation confidentiality OBS_CONF CL_OBS_CONF Observation confidentiality: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Observation-level attribute Pre-break observation value OBS_PRE_BREAK Observation pre-break value: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Observation-level attribute Observation comment OBS_COM Observation comment: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Time Series-level attribute Collection indicator COLLECTION CL_COLLECTION Collection attribute: used on the Data Table, Data Chart and Quick View pages, displayed on the Metadata page.
Time Series-level attribute Breaks BREAKS
Time Series-level attribute Source publication (public) PUBL_PUBLIC
Time Series-level attribute Source publication (ECB only) PUBL_ECB
Time Series-level attribute Source publication (Euro area only) PUBL_MU
Time Series-level attribute Compiling organisation COMPILING_ORG CL_ORGANISATION
Time Series-level attribute Data dissemination organisation DISS_ORG CL_ORGANISATION
Sibling-level attribute Title TITLE Short title: used in the Search and displayed on Data Selection, Metadata and Quick View pages.
Sibling-level attribute Unit UNIT CL_UNIT Unit: displayed on the Data Table, Metadata and Quickview pages, downloadable in CSV and SDMX format.
Sibling-level attribute Unit multiplier UNIT_MULT CL_UNIT_MULT Unit Multiplier: displayed on the Data Table, Metadata and Quick View pages, downloadable in CSV and SDMX format.
Sibling-level attribute Decimals DECIMALS CL_DECIMALS Number of decimals: used on the Data Table and Quick View pages.
Sibling-level attribute Title complement TITLE_COMPL Long title/description: used in the Search and displayed on Data Selection, Metadata and Quick View pages.
Sibling-level attribute Compilation COMPILATION


Code List Description

Code Code Description
D0 D0. Characteristics of the firm - country of residence
D1 D1. Characteristics of the firm - size
D2 D2. Characteristics of the firm - autonomous
D2A D2A. Location of the parent company
D3 D3. Characteristics of the firm - main activity
D4 D4. Characteristics of the firm - turnover
D5 D5. Characteristics of the firm - age
D6 D6. Characteristics of the firm - ownership
D6B D6B. Characteristics of the firm - gender
D7 D7. Percentage of export in total turnover
FG Financing gap
FOB Financing obstacles - broad definition
Q0 Q0. Most pressing problem
Q0B Q0b. Pressingness of problems that the firm is facing
Q1 Q1. New developments in the firm
Q10 Q10. Financing applied - conditions
Q11 Q11. External financing - factors
Q12 Q12. Loan size
Q13 Q13. Loan provider
Q14 Q14. Loan purpose
Q16 Q16. Growth of the firm
Q17 Q17. Turnover growth - expectations
Q19 Q19. Confidence in negotiations
Q2 Q2. Firm income generation indicators
Q20 Q20. Financing growth - instruments
Q21 Q21. Financing growth - amount
Q22 Q22. Financing growth - the most important limitation
Q23 Q23. External financing - expectations
Q24 Q24. Importance of factors in the future financing of the firm
Q3 Q3. Leverage - debt vs assets
Q32 Q32. Most important reason for bank loans being not relevant
Q4 Q4. Financing structure
Q5 Q5. External financing - needs
Q6 Q6. External financing - impact
Q6A Q6A. Purpose of financing
Q7A Q7A. Financing applied
Q7B Q7B. Financing applied - outcome
Q8A Q8A. Size of the last bank loan obtained in the last 6 months
Q8B Q8B. Interest rate charged for the credit line or bank overdraft
Q9 Q9. Financing applied - availability
SS SS. Sample size