Dataset: SAFE – Survey on Access to Finance of Enterprises

Data Structure Definition: Survey on the Access to Finance of Small and Medium Enterprises

[ECB_SAFE agency: ECB] Download SDMX 2.1 Data Structure Definition of the SAFE Dataflow

Click on the name of the codelist to see the full list of available codes.

Cube dimensions and attributes
  Concept description Concept Codelist Usage on SDW portal
1. dimension Frequency FREQ CL_FREQ Frequency dimension: used in Dimension Filters on Data Selection, Data Table and Quick View pages.
2. dimension Reference area REF_AREA CL_AREA_EE Country codes: used in Georgraphic Area filters on Data Selection pages.
3. dimension Firm size (SAFE) FIRM_SIZE CL_FIRM_SIZE
4. dimension Firm economic activity (SAFE) FIRM_SECTOR CL_FIRM_SECTOR
5. dimension Firm turnover (SAFE) FIRM_TURNOVER CL_FIRM_TURNOVER
6. dimension Firm age (SAFE) FIRM_AGE CL_FIRM_AGE
7. dimension Firm other breakdowns (ownership, export) (SAFE) FIRM_OWNERSHIP CL_FIRM_BREAKDOWN
8. dimension SAFE question SAFE_QUESTION CL_SAFE_QUESTION
9. dimension SAFE question related item SAFE_ITEM CL_SAFE_ITEM
10. dimension SAFE answer SAFE_ANSWER CL_SAFE_ANSWER
11. dimension SAFE filter - applicable answer SAFE_FILTER CL_SAFE_FILTER
12. dimension Denomination in SAFE context SAFE_DENOM CL_SAFE_DENOM
Observation-level attribute Observation value OBS_VALUE
Observation-level attribute Observation status OBS_STATUS CL_OBS_STATUS Observation status: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Observation-level attribute Observation confidentiality OBS_CONF CL_OBS_CONF Observation confidentiality: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Observation-level attribute Pre-break observation value OBS_PRE_BREAK Observation pre-break value: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Observation-level attribute Observation comment OBS_COM Observation comment: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Time Series-level attribute Collection indicator COLLECTION CL_COLLECTION Collection attribute: used on the Data Table, Data Chart and Quick View pages, displayed on the Metadata page.
Time Series-level attribute Breaks BREAKS
Time Series-level attribute Source publication (public) PUBL_PUBLIC
Time Series-level attribute Source publication (ECB only) PUBL_ECB
Time Series-level attribute Source publication (Euro area only) PUBL_MU
Time Series-level attribute Compiling organisation COMPILING_ORG CL_ORGANISATION
Time Series-level attribute Data dissemination organisation DISS_ORG CL_ORGANISATION
Sibling-level attribute Title TITLE Short title: used in the Search and displayed on Data Selection, Metadata and Quick View pages.
Sibling-level attribute Unit UNIT CL_UNIT Unit: displayed on the Data Table, Metadata and Quickview pages, downloadable in CSV and SDMX format.
Sibling-level attribute Unit multiplier UNIT_MULT CL_UNIT_MULT Unit Multiplier: displayed on the Data Table, Metadata and Quick View pages, downloadable in CSV and SDMX format.
Sibling-level attribute Decimals DECIMALS CL_DECIMALS Number of decimals: used on the Data Table and Quick View pages.
Sibling-level attribute Title complement TITLE_COMPL Long title/description: used in the Search and displayed on Data Selection, Metadata and Quick View pages.
Sibling-level attribute Compilation COMPILATION


Code List Description

Code Code Description
10A Level of interest rates
10B Level of the cost of financing other than interest rates (charges, fees, commisions)
10C Available size of loan or credit line
10D Available maturity of the loan
10E Collateral requirements
10F Other terms and conditions of the bank financing, e.g. loan covenants, required guarantees, information requirements, procedures, time required for loan approval
11A General economic outlook, to obtain external financing
11B Access to public financial support including guarantees
11C Your firm-specific outlook
11D Your firm own capital
11E Your firm credit history
11F Willingness of banks to provide credit
11G Willingness of business partners to provide trade credit
11H Willingness of investors to invest in your enterprise
16A In terms of employment regarding the number of full time or full-time equivalent employees
16B In terms of turnover
19A With banks
19B With equity investors/ venture capital firms
1A A new or significantly improved product or service to the market
1B A new or significantly improved production process or method
1C A new organisation of management
1D A new way of selling your goods or services
22A Bank or other loan
22B Equity investment or mezzanine
24A Guarantees for loans
24B Measures to facilitate equity investments
24C Export credits or guarantees
24D Tax incentives
24E Business support services
24F Making existing public measures easier to obtain
2A Turnover
2B Labour cost (including social contributions)
2C Other costs influencing income generation (e.g. materials, energy, other)
2D Interest expenses
2E Profit
2F Profit margin
2G Fixed investment
2H Inventories and working capital
2I Number of employees
2J Debt compared to assets
6A Fixed Investment
6B Inventories and working capital
6C Availability of internal funds
6D Mergers and acquisitions and corporate restructuring
6_1 Fixed Investment
6_2 Inventories and working capital
6_3 Hiring and training of employees
6_4 Developing and launching new products or services
6_5 Refinancing or paying off obligations
BL_R Unsuccessful application for bank loan
BL_S Successful application for bank loan
FBLN Bank loan
FDSE Debt securities issued
FEQI Equity investments in your firm
FFAC Factoring
FGSL Grants or subsidised bank loan
FIFN Internal funds (retained earnings or sale of assets)
FLEH Leasing or hire-purchase
FLHF Leasing or hire-purchase or factoring
FOLN Other loans
FOTH Other types of financing n.e.i.
FOVD Credit line, bank overdraft or credit cards overdraft
FSPL Subordinated loans, participating loans, preferred stocks or similar financing instruments
FTCR Trade credit
FXXX Did not use external financing
K1 Working capital
K2 Land/buildings or Equipment/vehicles
K3 Research and development or intellectual property
K4 Promotion
K5 Staff training
K6 Buying another business
N8 Other
N9 Do not know
OC_R Unsuccessful application for credit line or overdraft
OC_S Successful application for credit line or overdraft
P1 Finding customers
P2 Competition
P3 Access to finance
P4 Costs of production or labour
P5 Availability of skilled staff or experienced managers
P6 Regulation
ZZZZ Not applicable