Dataset: SAFE – Survey on Access to Finance of Enterprises

Data Structure Definition: Survey on the Access to Finance of Small and Medium Enterprises

[ECB_SAFE agency: ECB] Download SDMX 2.1 Data Structure Definition of the SAFE Dataflow

Click on the name of the codelist to see the full list of available codes.

Cube dimensions and attributes
  Concept description Concept Codelist Usage on SDW portal
1. dimension Frequency FREQ CL_FREQ Frequency dimension: used in Dimension Filters on Data Selection, Data Table and Quick View pages.
2. dimension Reference area REF_AREA CL_AREA_EE Country codes: used in Georgraphic Area filters on Data Selection pages.
3. dimension Firm size (SAFE) FIRM_SIZE CL_FIRM_SIZE
4. dimension Firm economic activity (SAFE) FIRM_SECTOR CL_FIRM_SECTOR
5. dimension Firm turnover (SAFE) FIRM_TURNOVER CL_FIRM_TURNOVER
6. dimension Firm age (SAFE) FIRM_AGE CL_FIRM_AGE
7. dimension Firm other breakdowns (ownership, export) (SAFE) FIRM_OWNERSHIP CL_FIRM_BREAKDOWN
8. dimension SAFE question SAFE_QUESTION CL_SAFE_QUESTION
9. dimension SAFE question related item SAFE_ITEM CL_SAFE_ITEM
10. dimension SAFE answer SAFE_ANSWER CL_SAFE_ANSWER
11. dimension SAFE filter - applicable answer SAFE_FILTER CL_SAFE_FILTER
12. dimension Denomination in SAFE context SAFE_DENOM CL_SAFE_DENOM
Observation-level attribute Observation value OBS_VALUE
Observation-level attribute Observation status OBS_STATUS CL_OBS_STATUS Observation status: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Observation-level attribute Observation confidentiality OBS_CONF CL_OBS_CONF Observation confidentiality: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Observation-level attribute Pre-break observation value OBS_PRE_BREAK Observation pre-break value: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Observation-level attribute Observation comment OBS_COM Observation comment: displayed on the Data Table and Quickview pages, downloadable in SDMX format.
Time Series-level attribute Collection indicator COLLECTION CL_COLLECTION Collection attribute: used on the Data Table, Data Chart and Quick View pages, displayed on the Metadata page.
Time Series-level attribute Breaks BREAKS
Time Series-level attribute Source publication (public) PUBL_PUBLIC
Time Series-level attribute Source publication (ECB only) PUBL_ECB
Time Series-level attribute Source publication (Euro area only) PUBL_MU
Time Series-level attribute Compiling organisation COMPILING_ORG CL_ORGANISATION
Time Series-level attribute Data dissemination organisation DISS_ORG CL_ORGANISATION
Sibling-level attribute Title TITLE Short title: used in the Search and displayed on Data Selection, Metadata and Quick View pages.
Sibling-level attribute Unit UNIT CL_UNIT Unit: displayed on the Data Table, Metadata and Quickview pages, downloadable in CSV and SDMX format.
Sibling-level attribute Unit multiplier UNIT_MULT CL_UNIT_MULT Unit Multiplier: displayed on the Data Table, Metadata and Quick View pages, downloadable in CSV and SDMX format.
Sibling-level attribute Decimals DECIMALS CL_DECIMALS Number of decimals: used on the Data Table and Quick View pages.
Sibling-level attribute Title complement TITLE_COMPL Long title/description: used in the Search and displayed on Data Selection, Metadata and Quick View pages.
Sibling-level attribute Compilation COMPILATION


Code List Description

Code Code Description
AT Austria
B1 Not autonomous (subsidiary or branch)
B2 Autonomous firm
B3 Non-profit
B4 Subsidiary
B5 Branch
BE Belgium
BG Bulgaria
C Construction sector
CT1 The same country
CT2 Different country in the euro area
CT3 Different country in EU member state not belonging to euro area (changing composition)
CT4 Different country outside EU
CY Cyprus
CZ Czech Republic
D1 Turnover of up to 2 million euros
D2 Turnover of more than 2 million and up to 10 million euros
D3 Turnover of more than 10 million and up to 50 million euros
D4 Turnover of more than 50 million euros
D5 Turnover of up to 500 thousand euros
D6 Turnover of more than 500 thousand and up to 1 million euros
D7 Turnover of more than 1 million and up to 2 million euros
DE Germany
DK Denmark
E1 Created 10 years ago or more
E2 Created between 5 and 9 years ago
E3 Created between 2 and 4 years ago
E4 Created less than 2 years ago
EE Estonia
ES Spain
EX1 0% - no export of goods and services
EX2 Less than 25%
EX3 Between 25% and 50%
EX4 Over 50%
F1 Ownership listed on the stock market
F2 Ownership family or entrepreneurs
F3 Ownership other firms or business associates
F4 Ownership venture capital firms or business angels
F5 Ownership a natural person, one owner only
FI Finland
FR France
FSP Fresh sample
G1 Male
G2 Female
GB United Kingdom
GR Greece
H1 Yes
H2 No
HU Hungary
I Industry sector
IE Ireland
IT Italy
J1 Bank
J2 Private individual - family or friend
J3 Other sources (e.g. microfinance institutions, government-related sources)
K1 Working capital
K2 Land/ buildings or Equipment/vehicles
K3 Research and development or intellectual property
K4 Promotion
K5 Staff training
K6 Buying another business
L1 Level 1 out of 10, not at all
L10 Level 10 out of 10, extreme
L2 Level 2 out of 10
L3 Level 3 out of 10
L4 Level 4 out of 10
L5 Level 5 out of 10
L6 Level 6 out of 10
L7 Level 7 out of 10
L8 Level 8 out of 10
L9 Level 9 out of 10
LAR Large firms
LT Lithuania
LU Luxembourg
LV Latvia
M1 Over 20% per year
M2 Less than 20% per year
M3 No growth
M4 Got smaller or will become smaller
MED Medium-sized firms
MIC Micro firms
MT Malta
N1 Increased, improved or will improve
N2 Remained unchanged or will remain unchanged
N3 Decreased, deteriorated or will deteriorate
N7 Not applicable to the firm
N8 Other
N9 Do not know
N99 Relevant but do not know if used
NL Netherlands
NN Net (increased minus decreased responses)
NT Total
P1 Finding customers
P2 Competition
P3 Access to finance
P4 Costs of production or labour
P5 Availability of skilled staff or experienced managers
P6 Regulation
PAN Panel
PL Poland
PT Portugal
R1 Applied
R2 Did not apply because of possible rejection
R3 Did not apply because of sufficient internal funds
R4 Did not apply for other reasons
RO Romania
S Services sector [excluding trade]
S1 Applied and got everything
S2 Applied but only got part of it
S3 Applied but refused because cost too high
S4 Applied but was rejected
S5 Applied and got most of it
S6 Applied but only got a limited part of it
S8 Application is still pending
SE Sweden
SI Slovenia
SK Slovakia
SME Small and medium-sized enterprises
SML Small firms
T Trade sector
T2 Euro area countries except Germany, France, Italy and Spain
U2 Euro area (changing composition)
U3 EU member states not belonging to the Euro area
V1 Used
V2 Did not use but relevant
V3 Relevant
W1 There are no obstacles
W2 Insufficient collateral or guarantee
W3 Interest rates or price too high
W4 Reduced control over the firm
W5 Financing not available at all
W6 Too much paper work
W7 No bank loans available
W8 No need for this type of financing
X1 Bank loan
X2 Loan from other sources
X3 Equity investment
X4 Subordinated loans, participating loans, preferred stocks or similar financing instruments
Y1 We did not take a loan
Y2 Up to EUR 25,000
Y3 More than EUR 25,000 and up to EUR 100,000
Y4 100 000 - 1 million euros
Y5 Over EUR 1 million
Y6 More than EUR 100,000 and up to EUR 250,000
Y7 More than EUR 250,000 and up to EUR 1 million