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Euro Area External Transactions and Positions
Chart (EUR billions) 2021Jul 2021Aug 2021Sep 2021Oct
Current account balance 31.0 21.0 02.6   . 
Direct investment balance 34.0 01.4 23.5   . 
Portfolio investment balance -18.5 22.2 0.5   . 
Reserve assets (end of period position) 888.5 1,009.4 0.1 1,019.3


Effective Exchange Rate of the Euro EER-42
Chart (index 99Q1 = 100) 2021Jul 2021Aug 2021Sep 2021Oct
Nominal effective exchange rate 120.8 120.4 120.4 119.5
Real effective exchange rate (CPI deflated) 94.2 93.9 93.8 92.9