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Euro Area External Transactions and Positions
Chart (EUR billions) 2021Sep 2021Oct 2021Nov 2021Dec
Current account balance 32.8 20.5   .    . 
Direct investment balance 18.6 18.6   .    . 
Portfolio investment balance 50.0 20.2   .    . 
Reserve assets (end of period position) 1,002.4 1,019.0 1,045.4 1,057.0


Effective Exchange Rate of the Euro EER-42
Chart (index 99Q1 = 100) 2021Sep 2021Oct 2021Nov 2021Dec
Nominal effective exchange rate 120.4 119.5 118.8 119.0
Real effective exchange rate (CPI deflated) 93.7 93.0 92.5 92.7