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Euro Area External Transactions and Positions
Chart (EUR billions) 2022Jul 2022Aug 2022Sep 2022Oct
Current account balance -9.4 -20.8 3.8   . 
Direct investment balance -6.6 16.7 0.1   . 
Portfolio investment balance 39.9 -84.4 -114.4   . 
Reserve assets (end of period position) 1,129.2 1,130.6 1,135.8 1,111.8


Effective Exchange Rate of the Euro EER-42
Chart (index 99Q1 = 100) 2022Aug 2022Sep 2022Oct 2022Nov
Nominal effective exchange rate 114.1 114.5 115.4 117.1
Real effective exchange rate (CPI deflated) 88.6 89.2 90.5 92.2