Navigation Path:
Home  >  Publications
Euro Area External Transactions and Positions
Chart (EUR billions) 2021Sep 2021Oct 2021Nov 2021Dec
Current account balance 32.8 21.8 26.0   . 
Direct investment balance 21.2 22.2 11.8   . 
Portfolio investment balance 50.0 20.6 95.3   . 
Reserve assets (end of period position) 1,002.4 1,019.0 1,045.4 1,057.0


Effective Exchange Rate of the Euro EER-42
Chart (index 99Q1 = 100) 2021Sep 2021Oct 2021Nov 2021Dec
Nominal effective exchange rate 120.4 119.5 118.8 119.0
Real effective exchange rate (CPI deflated) 93.7 93.0 92.5 92.7


Selected supervisory indicators
Chart (EUR billions unless otherwise stated) 2020Q4 2021Q1 2021Q2 2021Q3