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Euro Area External Transactions and Positions
Chart (EUR billions) 2022Sep 2022Oct 2022Nov 2022Dec
Current account balance -22.0 -4.5 13.4   . 
Direct investment balance 24.9 7.6 2.8   . 
Portfolio investment balance -154.0 -48.0 -9.3   . 
Reserve assets (end of period position) 1,135.8 1,111.9 1,115.1 1,114.2


Effective Exchange Rate of the Euro EER-42
Chart (index 99Q1 = 100) 2022Aug 2022Sep 2022Oct 2022Nov
Nominal effective exchange rate 114.1 114.5 115.4 117.1
Real effective exchange rate (CPI deflated) 88.6 89.2 90.5 92.2