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Show/Hide section   ENA - National accounts, Employment (Eurostat ESA2010 TP, table 0110, 0111)

  Description Employment and population have traditionally been considered auxiliary variables in national accounts, aimed to calculate ratios like value added, output, or labour costs per inhabitant or per employed person. Employment however has gained importance and nowadays it is an endogenous variable in the national accounts framework. Quarterly employment also stands now as a key short term economic indicator. National accounts, however, do not provide information on social or gender aspects of employment.

The ESA 2010 distinguishes two employment concepts depending on the geographical coverage: resident persons in employment (i.e. the national scope of employment) and employment in resident production units irrespective of the place of residence of the employed person (i.e. domestic scope).

The ESA 2010 recognises several employment measures: persons, hours worked and jobs. Presented here are mainly employment data measured in persons and in hours worked.

These data were formerly available as part of the MNA (National Accounts Main Aggregates) data set. As of 17th of July they are moved to a new data set – ENA. While the first dimension of the series keys change to ENA, the remainder of the series keys remain unchanged.
  Periodicity Quarterly and Annual
  Timeliness Employment data are published 75 days after the end of the reference quarter. Annual data published at 9 months after the end of the reference year, estimates may be available sooner.
  Revision policy Euro area and EU employment figures for earlier quarters are revised.
  Estimation Quarterly estimates of employment include estimates for "Total employment", broken down by employment status (i.e. employees and self-employed), as well as a breakdown by economic activity (A*10 NACE Rev. 2 categories) for employment data expressed in "persons" and “hours worked”.

Detailed estimates of employment broken down by economic activity (A60 NACE Rev.2 categories) within the national accounts framework are available on an annual basis within the INA data set.

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