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Show/Hide section   BP6 - Balance of Payments and International Investment Position (BPM6)

  Dataset contact e-mail Statistical Information Request form
  Dataset description The dataset contains the balance of payments (b.o.p.) and the international investment position (i.i.p.) of the euro area, as well as individual EU country data. National b.o.p. and i.i.p. statistics are collected in the context of Guideline ECB/2011/23 of 9 December 2011 (as amended) and both, national data and euro area aggregates, follow the principles and classifications of the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6).
  Documentation Detailed documentation on b.o.p/i.i.p. can be found on the ECB website
  Periodicity Monthly and quarterly
  Timeliness The monthly data are published around 7 weeks after the end of the reference month, whereas the quarterly data are published 3 months after the reference quarter (see the ECB publication calendar)
  Catalog Download the series catalogue (complete list of series) of the dataset BP6 (Public) (including the metadata): Excel 2013 or the earlier Excel versions.
  ECB dataset naming convention

The series keys related to the balance of payments items in the ECB database have 17 dimensions, each being separated by a dot.

Example: The series key of the quarterly net current account for the euro area would be: BP6.Q.N.I8.W1.S1.S1.T.B.CA._Z._Z._Z.EUR._T._X.N

Dimension Example

Key family

BP6 (Euro area and euro area countries)


Q (Quarterly)TD>

Adjustment indicator

N (Neither seasonal nor working day adjusted)

Reference country or area

I8 (Euro area)

Counterpart country or area

W1 (Rest of the World)

Reference sector

S1 (Total economy)

Counterpart sector

S1 (Total economy)

Flows and Stocks indicator

T (Transactions)

Accounting entry

B (Balance - Credits minus Debits)

International accounts item

CA (Current account)

Functional category

_Z (Not Applicable)

Instrument and assets classification

_Z (Not Applicable)


_Z (Not applicable)

Unit of measure

EUR (Euro)

Currency of denomination

_T (All currencies of denomination)


_X (Not allocated/unspecified - including all kinds of valuation methods)

Compilation methodology

N (Compilation methodology based on international standards)

Access by the public
  Dissemination formats Statistical press releases of the euro area balance of payments
  Publications catalogue Statistics Bulletin, chapter 7
  Hardcopy ISSN: 1830-0081; ISSN: 1830-0073
  Revision policy Revisions to national data and euro area aggregates follow a pre-defined practice. Quarterly data are more extensively revised when data for the second and fourth quarters are first published; monthly data are kept consistent with quarterly data, hence revised in line with the availability/review of quarterly data.
  Means of informing the public Monthly Bulletin, ECB website, Press Releases
Quality references
  Title Annual Quality Report
  Electronic 2017 Quality Report (April 2018)
  Nature of the basic statistical data The b.o.p./i.i.p. statistics are compiled on the basis of several data sources, namely surveys, administrative data and other macro-economic statistics. The IMF BPM6 Compilation Guide gives a good overview of a tipical b.o.p./i.i.p. data compilation system.
  Survey organization for gathering source National Central Banks and/or National Statistics Offices
  Adjustments none
  Seasonal adjustment Non-adjusted as well as seasonally and working day adjusted

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