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SPF - Survey of Professional Forecasters

  Data source

European Central Bank

  Contact email address

Statistical Information Request form

  Contact organisation unit


  Data presentation - Summary description

The ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) is a quarterly survey of expectations for the rates of inflation, real GDP growth and unemployment in the euro area for several horizons, together with a quantitative assessment of the uncertainty surrounding them. The participants are experts affiliated with financial or non-financial institutions based within the European Union. As of 2015 the results are reported in a standalone web publication on a quarterly basis (i.e. in February, May, August and November) on the dedicated SPF webpage.

  Data presentation - Detailed description

Additional information can be found in Occasional Papers No. 8 "An introduction to the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters"and No. 59 "The ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters - A review after eight years' experience" .

  Reference area coverage

Euro area

  Sector coverage

Whole economy

  Time coverage

1999 - now

  Time period

1999 - four to five years ahead of the current calendar year

  Frequency of data collection


  Release policy

The SPF is an input to non-monetary policy meetings of the ECB's Governing Council (in January, April, July and October) and results are released to the public on the following day.

  Release policy - release calendar

The release date of the upcoming survey round is announced on the dedicated SPF webpage.

  Release policy - release calendar access

An overview of the dates when the regular surveys were conducted and published is publicly available.

  Metadata last update 03/DEC/2018 11:26:34

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