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External debt

The gross external debt of an economy represents, at any given time, the outstanding actual (rather than contingent) liabilities vis-à-vis non-residents that require the payment of principal and/or interest by the debtor at one or more points in the future.

The gross external debt statistics are broken down by instrument, original maturity and institutional sector, as well as net external debt (i.e. gross external debt net of external debt assets).